Why have we chosen assistance to Ukraine orphanages of family type specifically not the general orphanage house but specific family-type orphanages ? Because we believe: children need a family. Of course, boarding schools, also requires help and assistance in every way but we believe the primal concept is different here, family -type orphanages has the key word that other type of government care for abandoned children do not have, it s the Family. Family type should bring to every orphan in its care something what every orphan needs the most is the Family. Every orphan kid likewise any other kid needs needs many other things as well but what he is deprived of is family care. It is certain we must provide all orphan children with what they need like food and clothing, sport gears and equipment, furniture, school belonging etc , and we will to the extent finances will permit us to do so, but what we can not provide is a Family. This is the new national policy of Ukraine on the public domain of Ukraine adoption: Family is a priority. Therefore under new Ukraine adoption
policies domestic and international adoption are set forth as prerogative in any decision on the fate of the abandoned children and only in those case where adoption of a child into a family is no longer an option then other state care solution should be considered. Family-type orphanage come into option of a secondary priority option in determining the future of abandoned child. It is also announced that before 2020 all or at least majority of school boards orphanages should be closed as outlive old state care facilities in upbringing orphan children. It is sure a daring statement on the part of the government, the goal is set too high almost at non-achievable level, but at least if we do only half the work government set out to do, we still going to achieve a great deal of good dead. So we will try. This is national policy towards Ukraine adoption practice set forth right now in Ukraine. The objective – children’s homes of family type as the Large adoptive family.
Family-type orphanages first appeared in Ukraine in 1989, but until 2008 were not favored nor actively present in Ukraine. It was only when state actively involved in the work of developing such approach it not not become a common solution to the problem of orphanage children. There were units all over Ukraine, in these orphanages were raised just 4 thousand children, in comparison in boarding schools were raise around 30 thousand in the same period of time. In Donetsk region were set up first family-type orphanages back in 2008 and later since 2011 in Ukraine.
In 2011 new project “Family for child”, and we started with the Dnepropetrovsk region, where new approach was developed of family forms of care, supported foster families, helped orphanages of family type. It turned out that in the Dnepropetrovsk region children quite readily accept the education. There were many such families created in Dnepropetrovsk region. As the result, today in the orphanages of Dnepropetrovsk region are somewhere around 500 orphans only, and you can assume that eventually we will find families for everyone!
Recently in Ukraine start to appear a clear national youth policy, clear policies and set practice for Ukraine adoption, fostercare and orphanage.
This was announced by presidential Commissioner for children’s rights during a round table on the topic “Easy to be young” at the Gorshenin Institute.
“It’s hard for me to say unequivocally that has been the state youth policy. Recently very difficult to determine where it’s directed. There are no government programs, no clear funding to solve the problems of youth, almost a year was formed the state service of youth and sports. So to say that there is a clearly defined public policy, I can not”, – said Pavlenko.
According to the expert, this policy should be directed at the ability of youth to develop and achieve success in their country of Ukraine.
“It is obvious that the current generation is better than the previous one, in terms of independence and clarity. For them there is only one country – Ukraine. There is no allegiance to another country. The fact that 65% of Ukrainians, according to sociological research, are proud of their country, just prove it. “
More than half of young Ukrainians want to have more than one child.
This was told by Vadim Denisenko, chief editor of the weekly “Komentari” during the presentation of the results of sociological survey “Youth of Ukraine”.
The study was conducted by the Gorshenin Institute and the weekly “Komentari” with the support of Victor Pylypyshyn Fund.
“We have a chance to get out of demographic crisis, a great chance. According to our study, more than 68% of respondents said they want to have two or more children. To the question “How many children you want to have?” was almost 16% reported one child, but of 68.3% two, 14% three, and almost 2% – four and more. Trend is — in theory — is very optimistic,” – said Denisenko.
According to him, family is a priority for today’s youth. 75% girls and 64.3%. answering the question “What is important to you — family or career?”, chose family.
For situations of conflict and reconciliation in communicating with parents significant differences in the content of schemes of causality observed between boys and girls. So in a situation of conflict with parents such personal characteristics as sociable, funny, beautiful, opinionated act as associated with the internal localization of the causes of the conflict. Feature responsible is related to the external localization of the causes of the conflict. In other words, beautiful, cheerful, sociable and self-confident the girl already by itself acts as a potential source of conflict with parents, while responsible girl and if conflicts with parents, for reasons beyond her control. Boys only characteristics of opinionated refers to the internal localization of the causes of the conflict. And characteristics responsible, smart, and beautiful as are associated with external localization of the causes of the conflict. In the situation of reconciliation after conflict with parents in girls responsiveness is related to the internal localization of the causes, and the friendliness with stability attributed to reasons of reconciliation. With the variability attributed to reasons connected with the characteristic self-confident. Young men, in situations where reconciliation with parents, the personal characteristics communicative, responsible and intelligent act as related to external causes attributed to localization, and feature beautiful associated with both external and changeable localization of the causes of reconciliation. That is, for boys, in the circuits of causality are mainly personal characteristics, like conflict with parents, and reconciliation, initiated more than a teenager, and external, casual circumstances. It should be noted that the analysis of the qualitative data revealed significant differences in the nature of the causes which, in the opinion of boys, or girls as the most likely cause of conflict with parents. So, in most cases, the cause of conflict is the independent behavior of late returns home, and other activities associated with separation from family and the possibility of entering into an intimate relationship. In boys, the cause of conflict with parents is almost always associated with lower school performance, and other factors that may affect social career. On the other hand, no significant differences in the content of schemes of causality between groups of subjects from different educational institutions have been identified.
In situations of success and failure in intimate and personal communication significant differences were observed neither between different schools or between boys and girls. We can assume that in this case we are dealing with individually different patterns of causality, although it is not excluded that the social categories, by reference to its norms and values, the schema of causality for high school students this type of situations in the study were not identified. However, at the level of qualitative descriptions were identified significant differences between boys and girls, expansion and elaboration of descriptions of the situation of Dating and especially the breakdown of relationships, which young men is very little developed. But these differences are rather assessed as less developed schemas of causality, rather associated with differences in psychological age and degree of development of this area of social relations.