For a successful start teaching children at school adults must help them:
– firstly, to adapt to new social conditions, which we have discussed in the article “first-Grader – a new stage in Your child’s life and Your family…”;
– secondly, to teach them to get gladness from intellectual labour;
– thirdly, to form a requirement in mental development and positive attitude to the learning process.
To achieve these objectives, it is necessary that the requirements for first-form pupils, as well as the complexity of teaching material consistent with the level of development of informative processes of children of 6-7 years.
Thus, this article may be of interest to teachers, parents and other adults interested in the harmonious development of the children who started learning at school.
As in the emotional sphere, cognitive, speech and motor development of children from 5 to 7 years there is a lot of important changes. This is due to the fact that in most cultures this age is the beginning of systematic study.
Between 6 and 8 years is the rapid growth of the brain. By the end of this period the child’s brain is 90% the size of an adult brain. Actively develop the frontal lobe responsible for thinking and consciousness. At this age becomes more apparent the dominance of one of the hemispheres. These physiological changes involve a gradual change in the cognitive sphere (perception, thinking, memory, attention, imagination).
The features of perception of children of 6-7 years.
At this age, perception often comes down to recognition of the subject, naming shapes and colors. First graders perceive objects as a whole, ill grab the details, do not link them together, i.e. a systematic analysis of the properties of perceived causes children difficulties.
For the full perception of children of 6-7 years, they need to be able to virtually manipulate objects.
Features of thinking in 6-7 year old children.
To 6 years begin to disappear such properties of children’s thoughts, as rigidity and irreversibility. First grade students are able to establish simple causal relationships, especially when using visual material. Children can be taught to do simple reasoning see more at International Adoption channel news.
The boys of this age there is the ability to imagine things outside the situation existing at the moment.
However, despite new opportunities, the thinking of students 1 grades still retains many features of immaturity, it is impossible not to take into account when mastering new material provided for the post by International Adoption research blogger and columnist.
So, visual-figurative thinking is still at a low level of development, remains the dominant visual-active thinking. Therefore, in working with children should be based on practical activities.
The boys have not formed the skills of elementary analysis, therefore the information that adults think is obvious and derived from existing, may not be so for children.
First graders typically already know how to generalize, but often make it irrelevant situational features. So before teaching your child to use the rules for any academic subjects, not superfluous will be to check whether it relates to individual concepts and class concepts to which the rule is used.
Especially the memory of children of 6-7 years.
The leading type of memory first graders remains involuntary memory (direct capture and playback of material that do not require much effort or auxiliary methods).
However, in 7 years the process of memorizing can be mediated by external stimuli, such as maps, or cards.
The process of remembering begins to influence the presence of plants, systematization of the material, summing up that must be used when explaining new material.
At this age, children begins to form the ability to control their processes of memory and thinking.
Particular attention to children of 6-7 years old.
Early learning in children prevails involuntary attention, so the ability to focus is directly linked to how the child performed an interesting work. The more first graders involved in the activity, the more stable their attention.
Grade 1 grades can’t keep attention for more than 10 minutes, and therefore, in such times it is necessary to change the type of activity.
The most difficult to hold children’s attention during the monologue of the teacher (the parent), i.e. the passive perception of information. A time limit in this activity is 5 minutes. To increase this period can be turning a monologue into a dialogue.
Formulating tasks for first graders, you need to consider that the volume of their attention is still very small – only 2-3 of the object. Hence, the most effective assistance in the organization of the children of their work – step-by-step management, presentation short and clear instructions.
In group work it is important to remember that the level of distribution of attention of children of this age is very low, which means that they cannot perform two activities at the same time. This is a problem in lessons, as stragglers in the job students can, finishing it, to listen to the teacher’s explanations relating to the new job. As we can see, in such situations it is necessary to clearly record the start and end of the job, using the techniques of synchronization of the pace of work in class visit international adoption community.
Features of the imagination of children of 6-7 years.
The development of imagination of children of 6-7 years far exceeds their intellectual development, as it begins to form much earlier than thought. A child’s imagination is filled with lots of images, new images arise quite easily, with minimal external stimulation. Given this fact, and that the regulatory functions in children is not yet sufficiently formed, it is possible to draw a conclusion about the need to moderate use, for example, visual material. If it will contain a lot of additional details, especially vivid, emotional, this will distract children from the essence of the job, to get into the world of imagination.
We hope that the information in this article will help you to approach the organization of the intellectual development of your children armed not only creative activity, but also scientific knowledge that will definitely make your communication easy and joyful.