Ukraine in 2009 broke the record for children adoption in comparison to previous years

Record number of Ukrainians adopted children began in 2009, said the Minister of family, youth and sports Yuriy Pavlenko.
“This year (2009) confirmed the strong tendency of the annual increase in the number of children adopted by citizens of Ukraine”, – quotes the environment Minister’s press service informs.
Referring to the data of Department for children adoption and protection of children’s rights, Minami reports that in 2009 the citizens of Ukraine adopted 2381 of the child, which is about 1,000 children more than in 2005 and on 15% more in comparison with 2008.
“This year confirmed a steady trend of annual increase of children adopted by citizens of Ukraine, through domestic adoptions, which began to emerge in 2006, when the adoption went to the competence The Ministry of Ukraine on Affairs of family, youth and sport, in its composition was created by the State Department for adoption and protection of the rights of the child, and at the local level, issues of adoption were transferred to service for children, ” said Minister of Ukraine on Affairs of family, youth and sports Yuriy Pavlenko.” For the time was made about a hundred of legislative acts aimed at reform the protection of children in both domestic and international adoption practices , the lion’s share of
Ukraine adoption was initiated and prepared by the team of the Ministry. This is obviously a record and on the quantitative and qualitative changes of the sphere,” said Yuri Pavlenko.
The Ministry also noted that each year more children find a family in Ukraine through domestic Ukraine adoption and our country “ceases to be a donor for international adoption”.
According to preliminary data, during 2009, foreign adoptive parents have adopted 1426 Ukrainian children, and is 10% less than in 2008.
Also, according to Minami, last year Ukrainians adopted 1.712 children aged up to three years, while foreign adoption families have adopted 313 children of the same age. About 800 children aged 7 to 19 years, found their new adoptive families abroad.

Famous American athlete without legs, the prize-winner of Paralympic games Oksana masters

Mother Oksana masters: “for the Sake of her adopted daughter in America I learned to cook soup and porridge”
Twenty years later, her family in Ukraine — came famous American athlete without legs, the prize-winner of Paralympic games Oksana masters
Oksana masters — the name of the girl was known in the United States. Up to seven years her name was Oksana A. Cooper and she lived in Izyaslav orphanage for children with disabilities. In her slender private matter between details only a few lines: born June 19, 1989 year in Khmelnytsky region, the parents refused the daughter’s soon after her birth. The girl was born with a wide range of physical pathologies, therefore hospital map was much more impressive personal case: the membrane between fingers, six toes on my hands on five, but without thumbs, deformed bones feet, the irregular shape of the kidney…
Physical disabilities of the child cheated on the consequences of the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant. The girl’s parents were immigrants from the exclusion zone. The struggle for survival Oksana started from the moment of birth. Even now, after living twenty years in prosperous America, of the days spent in the orphanage, she prefers once again not to remember. And even afraid to think what would it was if one night her five-year the little girl, has not led to the principal’s office for a meeting with a pretty woman, talking in an incomprehensible language. With that frosty December evening for 43-year-old American Ms.Gey Masters also began to fight for Oksana and her health. Then the woman and present that her daughter would become a famous athlete, representing the country at the Paralympics. Both on summer competitions (Canoeing) and in the winter (biathlon and cross country skiing).
*Athlete became the winner of the summer Paralympics in London (2012) and winter in Sochi (2014)
Only now Gay masters were able to implement most sacred dream his adopted daughter — to see Ukraine. Family Masters flew in to Kiev only for a few days, but once in the cycle of meetings, records, television and radio, interviews, road trips, they lost track of time.Here’s our the conversation took place after the “round table” dedicated to the education of children with disabilities. I caught myself thinking that at all didn’t feel officialdom during the event, held in the “American house”. It was a long time ago not seen friends. Eight-year-old Vlad (the girl came with a foster mother) touched her to tears, giving hand-made doll-motanka, hair ribbon, wooden beads and pattern. Memory photo, autographs, a friendly hug… for about half an hour Oksana communicated the guy who lost his leg in the ATO. Young people enthusiastically discussed technical characteristics and capabilities of modern prostheses.— Oksana, suspected that you would be so popular in Ukraine?— Oh! Hi! exclaims Ukrainian Oksana, and then continues in English: — It’s awesome! In Ukraine are very hospitable people! So many meetings, so many Dating. I’m overwhelmed with emotions. All of these I had a dream about the trip home. And when this summer we received an invitation from the U.S. Embassy in Ukraine for a few days to fly to Kiev my mother never doubted. At my first Paralympics in London in 2012 I wanted to me someone gave the icon of the national team of Ukraine. And now, during this round table, President Paralympic Committee of Ukraine Valeriy Sushkevich handed me this icon. I’m so happy! Proud of being born in Ukraine.— Before the trip, Oksana very worried — smiles the girl’s mother Gay masters (in the photo). — Kept saying: “What we going to do? We in Ukraine do not know anyone. Suddenly I don’t like it?”— I want to ask you both question: do you remember the day when I first saw each other?— I was five years old, recalls Oksana. — Was dark and cold evening. I like and other children, was asleep in bed under the covers when I was called into the principal’s office. It was hard to go because of wearing of clothing is a pair of sweaters, tights, pants. I was this clumsy. In the office there were several people but first I saw Gay and for some reason I thought that this is my mom. She hugged me and gave a soft toy. However, after this meeting, she had to leave right away, still need I had to make a lot of adoption papers. She left his picture hung on the wall near my bed. I was very afraid that Gay will not return me.— The adoption process took one and a half year, says Gay masters. — As I found Oksana? My friends through the international Fund adopted a boy from Russia and offered to do it and me. I have long dreamed of a child. In the Fund I showed a photo of Oksana, not hiding the fact that she is disabled. The photo was a cute girl with rosy cheeks. My first thought — my child! And I flew in Ukraine. Of course, very much was afraid to go to the former The Soviet Union. We got to some like me seemed, a small village closer to midnight. Children the house I remember cold and dark, some icy.When brought Oksana, she is still not fully awake and looked scared. No word spoke English. In his five years the growth of the girl was less than a meter and weighed only 15 pounds. Although in the eyes of the girl I saw that she is a winner in life. By that time in Ukraine, Oksana has already had five operations. The first years after adoption I was very scared to have girls was negative for cancer, she received a large dose exposure.— Oksana and how the change took in your life?— At first my daughter was worried that, if she will not obey, I will return her back — responsible Gay. — Director of the children’s the house has always scared the inmates, saying that those who bad leads, will not be parents. But in the end Oksana realized how much I love her. We’ve been together for so many survived. In eight years my daughter had to amputate one leg, and in twelve and two. In America she moved a total of ten surgical interventions — on the hands, feet… and teeth. Thank God we have a good health insurance covering all costs including modern the prostheses.From new York we had to move because there in the winter a lot of snow and very slippery. Prostheses Oksana was difficult to walk. We settled in Louisville closer to the rehabilitation center. With my daughter constantly worked therapists, psychologists.— You know, in childhood don’t realize that you’re not like all, — says Oksana. — The lack of hands or legs doesn’t make us different. We’re all not perfect. I, like a normal child, I wanted to run and jump. I liked to climb on roofs and in trees. Went on the bike, played football and baseball. My mom resolved all. If I did not, I was looking for the ability to overcome difficulties. Never not spared, was very stubborn. And when I said: “You can’t handle it”, it is, instead, gave forces. Learn from their mistakes.Even when Oksana amputated one leg, the girl on the prosthesis have mastered the skates and spent a lot of time at the rink. Did and horse riding, but after unsuccessfully caught a prosthesis for the harness and the horse a few meters stretched her on the ground, this sport had to leave. I tried it your hand and in a sitting volleyball.— In America for children with disabilities very many rehabilitation centers and sports camps, says Gay masters. — Oksana attended a regular school, no favors no one she didn’t do. I am a member of an international group mothers alone raising children with special needs. We get good support. In the group about 600 children we work with 1200 volunteers. Each summer Oksana went to sports camp, where he was engaged in Jogging, swimming, rowing. In rowing daughter and won his first serious competition, and then and selection for the Paralympic games.At The 2012 Games in London Oksana masters is paired with Rob Johnson became the bronze prize-winner. By the way, Johnson lost both legs on the war in Afghanistan. During this visit the girl enthusiastically accepted the invitation to visit the wounded in the Kiev Central military hospital.— When we arrived at the hospital, I was, frankly, shocked, Oksana tells. — To to meet with the guys, I had to overcome the enormous the number of steps. How to cope with it people in wheelchairs, without legs, on crutches? Why such offices placed on the second floor of a building with no Elevator? I really liked to chat with the soldiers. I showed how removable dentures, as you can safely do without them. Explained that there is nothing wrong in the lack of feet or hands. And for such people, nothing is impossible. All obstacles we have in mind. Told that there will come a day when they will be very hard. But in the end their body will adapt to everything.— Gay does Oksana on the farm?— Now my daughter’s very busy schedule and rarely to be found at home. But she knows how to cook and clean. And it cleans so much better than me (laughs).After moving in America Oksana very often asked me to cook soup and porridge, which the children were constantly fed in the orphanage. At the time I taught at the University, the grandmother of one of my students was originally from Ukraine. Knowing that I adopted the girl from her native country, she gave me a recipe for borscht. For Oksana, I learned to cook these dishes. However, after trying the borscht in Ukraine, understood, what adjustments need to be made in my prescription.— Daughter asked you for permission to get a tattoo?— No, says Gay. — When Oksana turned eighteen, got her first tattoo. I warned my daughter that if she will bring infection the treatment will not (smiles).— I have a lot of tattoos,— Oksana shows off. — The first is the key with lock. I saw a beautiful pattern and very wanted to get this tattoo. Then came the second. It’s a rose. With one hand she is beautiful, blooming, and faded and faded. But the the rose always remains a rose even if some will fade. I believe that people are beautiful regardless of skin color, hair length or the presence of hand-foot… On shoulder — flower, with which the wind blows the petals, and they, flying, turn the butterfly has the inscription “Let go and be free.”
*Oksana masters: “I wanted the people who saw these the photos were once again able to ensure that the human body with disabilities can also be beautiful”— Oksana, you have made bold and an extraordinary act, starring in Frank photo shoot for the sports calendar. I wanted so the people seeing these pictures, was able again to make sure, the body of a person with disabilities may also to be beautiful. But I had no idea that my candid pictures will become popular all over the world. I started calling friends: “Oh! We have seen online pictures of you. You’re great!” I began to be recognized even in other countries.— What is your dream?— Want to win Paralympic gold, while I have only “bronze” in rowing and “silver” and “bronze” in ski races. And really want to try yourself in the race. But until I, unfortunately, don’t have the means to to buy a special prosthesis for running. I hope this is my dream will still come true. see more detail on Ukraine adoption programs…

How to adopt a child from Ukraine, in Odessa city?

How to adopt a child in Odessa? The statistics show that the problem of abandoned children in Odessa is one of the priorities. Is “the future of the country”, “flowers of life”, “happiness of parents” – it is just beautiful words? Only in orphanages in Odessa are 268 children in need of adoption. This very young children (up to age 4) houses, two children, and orphanages “Zhemchuzhinka” (4 to 12 years) and a boarding school №5 (of 7 to 17 years old). As the head of the child forms State and family Council of the City of Odessa Lyudmila Yakimenko, last year parents “found” only 84 children, 58 of whom have adopted our countrymen, and at 26 became the parents of children by foreigners.
Can I adopt a child?
Everyone understands that we desire is sometimes not enough. In the case of adoption, this is all so …
Who can adopt a child?
He has the right to adopt
It does not have the right to adopt
Able person not under the age of twenty and one years
A person restricted in exercise capacity or disable
A man or a woman, not to abuse alcohol, to be valid, with a good income
The parents deprived of their parental rights, if these rights have not been restored
Heterosexual Couple, single person (the relevant decision of the Court)
A person who was an earlier adopter, guardian of another child, but adoption was revoked or declared invalid by reason of any fault of his
The couple without children
Person who is registered or in the treatment in the clinical or mental treatment of the drug
The parents of the child
People suffering from diseases, the list of which is approved by the ministry of Health of Ukraine
Foreigners who are not married, except when a foreigner is a parent of the child
In addition to the desire of prospective parents for adoption, of course, require the consent of the child, except for How to adopt a child in Odessa? in cases where the age or state of health, he can express his opinion. You must also consent to the guardian, trustee or boarding for adoption. The court will make a positive decision about the adoption of not taking into account the state of health of the adopter, the circumstances and the reasons for the adoption of financial and family and the time during which you have already taken care of the child. Just be aware of the fact that the court does not have the right to refuse the adoption if the parents already have children.
What documents are needed for adoption?
To register prospective adoptive parents must provide a service for children of Odessa city Council:
copies of passports of the applicants;
certificate of salary for the last six months or copy of income tax return for the previous calendar year, certified by tax authorities;
a copy of the marriage certificate if the applicant is married;
Finally, the state of health of each candidate in the prescribed form;
notaralno written consent certified for the adoption of the spouse, if the child usynavlivaetsya one of the spouses;
Information on the presence or absence of previous conviction for each applicant, issued by the ministry of Internal affairs of Ukraine in the Odessa region to the address: city Odessa, Zhukovskogo street, house 42;
copy of the document which confirms the ownership or use of the premises.
In order to obtain an opinion on the health service for children directs citizens who wish to How to adopt a child in Odessa? child usinovit, to the following addresses:
– KU “City psychiatric clinic”, the first Rozumovsky Lane, Building 4.
The hospital of the tuberculosis of Odessa, the street Belinsky, 9;
The skin and venereal diseases city of Odessa Clinic Lane swimwear (Faith Inber), 6;
Odessa oblasnoy Drug Dispensary, rue J. Breus, the house 26/2.
Within 10 business days of the receipt of the request for the citizens of Ukraine wish to adopt a child, and a package of documents, the agents inspect the living conditions of the residence of the applicants, shall constitute the act of and consider the possibility of the candidates to be adoptive parents.
Steps of the adoption

I hope everyone understands all the responsibility of such an approach. To begin, a person must realize that he is in need is a child – not a toy or an animal, but a living person – the director of the fund Medyanik -. First, we give complete information on children awaiting adoption. The prospective parents begin to see their children, buy gifts, the things that are necessary and communicate with them. Child, grosso modo, is “to go to the eye.” After this, you must communicate with the child outside of the guardianship authority – the take a day or two at home, so that he gradually mastered, accustomed to. And parents need to assess their capacities and their desire to adopt a boy or a girl.
According to the members of the foundation, parents should read the information on the documents necessary for adoption and, if necessary, seek the assistance of a lawyer. Only after all the formalities are beginning the adoption process, which can drag on for several months. However, as evidenced by the practice, many people fail at this stage. When a person is confronted to all the problems, I understand that the child’s great – does not happen.
The last step is the psychological help to the parents. Little by little, the initial euphoria passes, and “fall rose-colored glasses.” In addition, the adoptive parents, in most cases, do not have their children and simply do not know how to handle a child, especially if you take a teenager.
– If I raise their child, it is part of me, I know where he is cunning. I see How to adopt a child in Odessa? the facial expressions, the gestures, even on foot! If you don’t understand because the child can tell a story too, – said Roman Medyanik. It is, for example, you might say, “You are a bad mother! Now, if there was another mother, she would have liked to … me
Imagine that to hear such words adoptive parents. Of course, there is a moment of rejection, a host family is the depression! And then, it will certainly be in need of psychological support – only one of which is difficult to handle. This step – very difficult.
However, all good things, sooner or later, bear fruit. According to a member of the Fund, his cousin, once helped four of 16 years, the children of the orphanage, who acted at the time in college. While the man was already seven children, but it has taken over four of the orphanage and treat them as their own, helping them both in words and in deeds. However, these children have created a family and maintain the closest relationship and family truly with the person that helped them find themselves in life.
What are afraid of the adoptive parents?
Taking the family of the child, the parents are guided by feelings, and intentions are the most kind. However, the fears stereotyped imposed by public opinion, can seriously How to adopt a child in Odessa? shake the confidence of the adopter. Do I have to do? Why should I wait? What to do if? What to do if? A lot of questions haunt the parents-to-be. Try to answer the most frequent.
1. W hat to do if a child has poor genetics?
Strictly speaking, the heredity – this potential. The extent to which this potential, both positive and negative, is implemented to a greater extent depends on the family in which the child grows. Not to explain all the bad heredity!
2. Suddenly, the child will grow up stupid, lazy, and don’t want to learn?
All, again, depends on you. You need to create a home “environment development” often speak to the child, in order to support its initiatives, and will treat the job as a fascinating process, and not as a “obyazalovke.”
3. What to do if the baby is going to fly? It is the orphanage!
Children from orphanages often do not have their things, so do not always understand that which is “foreign”. How to adopt a child in Odessa? around, were commonplace, to take without permission – does not mean “steal”. In addition to the small man obtains information only on us, the adults, and when parents tell him that he is a thief, the way it is. No need to hang labels, which are sometimes “work” such as hypnosis social.

Surrogacy is exploitation or a blessing? Facts and comments. What people think and feel about it 

Photos evacuated by the Israeli authorities happy fathers with newborn babies visited all the local media. The Ministry of internal Affairs is considering the possibility of shipping to Israel from Nepal surrogate mothers, bearing children of Israel.
However, the fate of women who have already fulfilled their mission and the Israelites gave birth to 11 children, behind the scenes.
Help
Surrogacy is a reproductive technology in which a woman (the surrogate mother) carries and gives birth to a child for other parents. The first surrogate mother in history is considered to be a Hagar – the Egyptian maidservant of Sarah, bore Abraham a son Ishmael. However, since then much has changed.
In traditional surrogacy the surrogate mother was also the genetic mother, but in the 90-ies of XX century, with the development of technology of in vitro fertilization (IVF), in most countries, introduced the so-called “full surrogacy”, prohibiting to use the egg of a surrogate mother in order to exclude the possibility of a genetic connection between the surrogate mother and the embryo.
If the expectant mother can not only make, but also to conceive a child, an egg from a female donor are fertilized in-vitro fertilization with the sperm of the genetic father and transferred into the uterus of a surrogate mother.
The surrogacy process is a number of health risks for the surrogate mother associated with the pregnancy process and procedures prior to the pregnancy. Pregnancy with twins (such as when surrogacy happens more often than normal) increases the risk of complications and the likelihood that the woman will have most of the pregnancy to spend on conservation.
The procedure of in vitro fertilization is associated with numerous tests, hormone injections, and often with the acceptance of steroids and antibiotics. Pregnancy, surrogate mothers often ends in a caesarean section, which can lead to complications like any other surgery.
Surrogacy in the world
Unlike the adoption process, governed by international Convention for the protection of children and cooperation in respect of intercountry adoption, there is no clear international agreement governing surrogacy services because different States have different approach to this issue.
In countries such as Finland, France, Italy, Germany, Spain, and also in most Arab countries, surrogacy, both commercial and free, is illegal.
In the UK, Australia, Denmark, Belgium, the Netherlands and many other countries prohibit only commercial surrogacy and advertising of the services of surrogate mothers. In these countries the parents will only reimburse surrogate costs.
In USA surrogacy is not regulated at the state level, and each state has its own laws. So, in Michigan prohibits any form of surrogate motherhood, in new York banned commercial surrogacy, and in such States as California, Illinois, Arkansas and new Hampshire allowed both free and paid surrogacy.
In most developed countries are either not prohibited to use the services of surrogate mothers abroad, or the authorities look at the “import” surrogate children through her fingers.
Surrogacy in Israel
Unlike the vast majority of developed countries, Israel is allowed both free and commercial surrogacy. This is due, in all probability, General attitudes to childbearing in the country. It should be noted that almost nowhere in the world is not customary to make such number of attempts of in vitro fertilization in Israel, including when it comes to families with multiple children.
However, surrogacy in Israel is not available for all populations. According to the Law on contracts for the childbearing from 1996 to the help of surrogacy could be resorted to only heterosexual couples. Such a pair can on their own or through mediation office to find a surrogate mother and signing a contract with it on the GS. The contract is served on the Commission appointed by the Ministry of health. The Committee includes experts in the field of gynecology and obstetrics, psychologist and social worker. The Commission checks the physical and mental condition as a surrogate mother and future parents.
According to edition NEWSru.co.il from the press service of the Ministry of health, in 2014 the Ministry of health has considered 119 requests for permission to resort to surrogacy. 118 of them were satisfied.
According to the report, presented to the Knesset Committee on the rights of women, 80% of surrogate mothers in Israel take this step for financial reasons. The average age of surrogate mothers is 31 years. 70% of women have secondary education. 71% of surrogate mothers were born in Israel, about 20% – in the countries of the former USSR.
If before a surrogate mother in Israel could be the only unmarried woman, 3 years ago the law was changed, and now it can do and married. A potential surrogate mother must undergo a process of birth at least once and not more than three times.
Financial compensation to surrogate mothers in Israel is regulated by law. On the website of the Ministry of health stated that the surrogate mother gets for her services 160 thousand shekels. However, as explained editorial NEWSru.co.in il intermediary company “M”, the whole process of surrogacy in Israel is expectant parents from 220 to 250 thousand shekels, as to 160 thousand which are transferred to the surrogate mother, the added cost of verifying, weekends, additional procedures, etc.
“Import” cheaper
The theme of international surrogacy is traditionally considered to be inextricably linked to the rights of sexual minorities. Indeed, same-sex couples and singles, not being able to hire the services of a surrogate mother in the country, is increasingly doing it abroad.
However, figures show that same-sex Israeli couples who use the services of surrogate mothers abroad, amount to no more than half of the total number of couples traveling to third world countries for newborns.
Editorial NEWSru.co.il was unable to obtain from the Department of registration of population latest data on the number of children born abroad through surrogacy.
According to a report published on the website of the Knesset, from 2005 to 2011 in the Ministry of internal Affairs was 188 cases involving genetic tests required to grant Israeli citizenship to a child born abroad from a surrogate mother. After 2011, based on data published by various brokerage firms, the number of foreign-born children of surrogate mothers each year has increased by hundreds.
Company “M”, which provides mediation services surrogacy for Israelis not only in Israel but also in India and Georgia, our correspondent was told that only one third of the customers who come into the office, use the services of surrogate mothers in Israel. Other couples prefer to do it abroad, because such process is associated with much less cost and much faster.
Note that this office provides services exclusively to heterosexual couples, as in India and Georgia prohibited the provision of this service to gays. This year the services of the company “M” was used by around 70 pairs, including 50 “made” the child abroad.
In India and Georgia, surrogacy costs about 130-140 thousand shekels. In contrast to the situation in Israel, a significant portion of this money goes to the accounts of intermediary firms. As explained to NEWSru.co.il in the Agency “Metro” in Georgia, for example, “this sum to the woman and her family enough for three years of worthy existence, as the son of an engineer”.
Both in Israel and abroad, an egg donor is a woman, most often living in a third country. Company “M.” mostly use the services of donors from Ukraine and the Czech Republic. Donor oocyte is from 25 to 30 thousand shekels.
“We have no choice”
The Deputy of the city Council of tel Aviv of Itai Pinkas and his husband Yoav three daughters born to surrogate mothers abroad. The eldest of the twins five years, they were born in India. The younger girl, she was born in Thailand. Itai Pinkas told our correspondent that for many years fighting for same-sex families to use the services of surrogacy in Israel, but so far this struggle has not brought the fruits. Pinkas said that when she and her husband decided to have children, we carefully checked the conditions in which are a surrogate mother in India and Thailand. According to The Pinkas, Yoav they are still in touch with surrogate mothers their daughters, you know, how they live, and send them pictures of the girls.
“I think the hypocrisy of the claim to people who use the services of surrogate mothers abroad because the same people who call surrogacy is exploitation of women, absolutely easy to use mobile phones and wear shoes that make children in Chinese factories, working 20 hours a day and often aching and dying from overwork,” says Itai Pinkas.
“I have no illusions about the motives of the surrogate mothers of our children, but do not feel them nothing but boundless respect and gratitude. I understand that not all clients of the clinics also are closely watching the fate of surrogate mothers, their children, and would prefer not to look to third world countries. But while in Israel will not change legislation, same-sex families and singles there is no other way to become parents,” explains Itay.
Features of “import” of surrogacy
For many years the majority of same-sex couples had gone to India. When in 2012 in India were forbidden to provide surrogacy services to same-sex couples, for several years the address for the gay, dreaming of children, was Thailand. However, in February 2015 in Thailand, a law was passed prohibiting commercial surrogacy for foreigners.
The reason for the ban began several scandals, including the story of baby Scales. Recall, a couple from Australia used the services of a surrogate mother from Thailand, 21-year-old Pattaramon Canboy that in August 2014 they gave birth to twins – a healthy baby girl and a young boy named Gamma, who were diagnosed with down syndrome, as well as heart failure and pulmonary infection. The couple took away the girl and refused to adopt a sick boy. Previously, they offered to do Pattaramon abortion and destroy one embryo, but she refused on religious reasons. The case drew the attention of the world media, Gamma remained with the surrogate mother, but acquired Australian citizenship to have access to Australian medicine.
Shortly after that, the media was widely discussed another incident: in the headlines often met the phrase “baby factory”. Citizen Japan Mizusaki of Sziget for a short period of time gave birth to 15 children from 11 surrogate mothers. When the Bangkok police, suspecting Sighetu in the slave trade, tried to detain the Japanese, he fled to Macau.
After India and Thailand were closed for same-sex couples, in the world there are few countries where gay and singles can use the services of surrogate mothers. Because in the US a surrogate mother road and cost about 100 thousand dollars, the vast majority of Israeli same-sex couples who failed to have children in India and in Thailand, in the summer of 2014 go in search of a surrogate mother in Nepal.
Editorial NEWSru.co.il asked for advice in a mediation office “,” providing services to same-sex couples and singles who are looking for a surrogate mother abroad. According to the data obtained from the Agency information, the services of surrogate mothers in Nepal cost about 40 thousand dollars. According to the law of Nepal, the surrogate mother may not be a local resident, and most surrogate mothers are an Indian woman, who at the time of the process, along with their families moved to Kathmandu. Over the past year in Nepal were dozens of children born to Israeli couples.
According to representatives of the Israeli intermediary offices, to surrogate mothers abroad are the same or almost the same requirements as in Israel – they must be physically healthy, psychologically prepared and already have children. Representatives of firms interviewed by our editorial staff, they say that their employees and customers check the conditions and life of the surrogate mother, and ensure that women were given proper medical and psychological care.
The problem is that, when it comes to third world countries, commercial surrogacy, like any other commercial activity, may not always be isolated from the realities of this country.
Last year the British newspaper The Guardian published material about the industry of surrogacy in Mexico, where he began a boom in commercial surrogacy after tightening legislations of India and Thailand. The article noted that simultaneously with the appearance of official industry of surrogacy in Mexico began to develop an underground business, where agencies stealing money and eggs, subjecting pregnant women to psychological abuse and deprives them of the fees. In 2014 this has led to the closure of clinics and bankruptcy mediation offices of California, collaborated with Mexican agencies. The activities of these firms attracted the attention of the FBI.
In March 2015 on the American channel HBO released a documentary film “Lines in the Sand & Outsourcing Embryos” (“Lines in the sand and outsourcing of embryos”), dedicated to the including industry of surrogacy in India. HBO correspondent Gianna, Toboni went to India, where he discovered the existence of black market “extra” babies that sells children born to surrogate mothers and hidden from their biological parent which is achieved by the fact that as a result of in vitro fertilization often are born twins or triplets.
One such child the reporter offered to buy directly in the restaurant, where she posed as a client met with the traders. Dialogue in the restaurant was filmed with a hidden camera and later included in the documentary. This passage, in which the journalist reach out over the table baby, offering to take him “on the spot” can be seen on the website of New York Magazinewhere it was published an interview with Gianna, Toboni.
In this case, the journalist notes that prior to this episode she visited several clinics to surrogate mothers, where the women were kept in wonderful conditions and they were given the best medical care.
Feminists against
If we leave out the possible criminalization of surrogacy, in different scales inherent in third world countries, surrogate mothers, even in developed countries are at risk of psychological or physical harm.
In addition, activists of organizations advocating human rights, and representatives of feminist movements, both in Israel and abroad, believe surrogacy is an unacceptable exploitation of the female body and its relegation to the status of incubator, and equate surrogacy to organ trafficking or prostitution. Well-known Israeli feminist Zoe Pushnikova said in an interview with NEWSru.co.il that he considers unacceptable to subject women’s health to danger even in the most good purposes. “I constantly hear that women in third world countries do it for in order to feed the family. However, this is not an occasion for exploitation and harm. For some reason the decision to sell a kidney to feed his family, causing a different reaction of the society,” emphasizes Pushnikova.
Note that in the ranks of the Israeli LGBT community there is a schism when it comes to surrogacy. Despite the fact that the female community leaders speak on social networks strongly against surrogacy – both in Israel and abroad, none of them wanted to comment on this topic to edition NEWSru.co.il, explaining that “delicate” topics for the community of sexual minorities.
Most critics of surrogacy bring as an argument the fact that there’s too many orphans to such an ambiguous way to produce new children. The NEWSru.co.il turned in one of the oldest Israeli NGOs on international adoption, to understand how these arguments are legitimate.
“This is not a store”
The adoption procedure in Israel is regulated by law. The client signs a contract with one of the NGOs involved in international adoption. The maximum amount is also stipulated in the law and amounts to 22 thousand euros. As explained by our editorial staff representative of this NPO, adoption may be possible in Latin America, the former Soviet Union, Asia and Africa, but the Israelis are children from Africa do not adopt. Adoption occurs under the laws of the two countries – the country of the parents and the child’s country. Therefore, the adoption of a single man or same-sex couple is currently almost impossible.
“Despite the fact that formally you will not find a law that would infringe upon the rights of single men compared to single women rights, in practice a single woman can adopt a child, but a lonely man is not,” explains the interlocutor of the edition NEWSru.co.il.
The Israelis resort to international adoption, because in Israel in the queue for adoption are up to 4.5 years. In addition, there is the issue of age. Clients generally claim to be children under the age of three, and the children given up for adoption in Israel, usually over the age of four.
The international adoption procedure takes from a year to a year and a half. Most children take the Israelites from Russia. So, during the existence of one of the oldest NGOs in Israel by adoption number of children adopted in Russia amounted to over 1100 children. The parents simple – the difference in age between the child and the foster parent may not exceed 48 years and parents should be tested by a psychologist and a social worker before they can get a permit and begin the adoption process.
Despite the huge number of orphans in the countries of the former USSR, the demand for adoption exceeds the offer in tens times. The majority of Russian orphans “neosynephrine” either for legal reasons or for medical. And if seriously ill Russian children were often adopted by Americans, but now it became impossible.
“This is not a store,” emphasizes our interlocutor. The child’s sex, age, skin color and other things depend on when it comes to the customer. And adoption is available only heterosexual couples and single women.
Basic right of each individual is not available to all
Editorial NEWSru.co.il was asked to comment on ethical aspects of surrogate motherhood to the Chairman of the ethics Committee the Israeli medical Association Dr. Tami Karni. Dr. Carney stressed that the topic of surrogate motherhood is one of the most controversial topics from the point of view of medical ethics. “On the one hand, the desire to produce offspring is a basic right of every person. With another – it is impossible not to take into account the autonomy of the female body, the free will of the surrogate mother and other related factors,” emphasizes Dr. Carney.
Carney explains that, if in Israel there is a clear law regulating surrogacy, and the surrogacy process, surrogate mothers in third world countries are often exploited and are in unsuitable conditions. Carney refers to the data received in the framework of the Commission on international fertility led by Dr. Carmel Shalev, who at the end of this month due to complete its work and submit its findings to the public.
The Dr. Shalev is now in Austria, where the conference on surrogate motherhood. At the conference representatives of countries of Eastern Europe will discuss issues of regulation of this industry.
In January 2015 in Jerusalem hosted a conference by UNESCO Biotechnics, medical ethics and medical law, in which they also discussed legal and ethical aspects of surrogacy and the need to create international institutions that govern this process.
However, the findings of the Commission Carmel Shalev, as the findings of other similar commissions in different countries are purely Advisory in nature.
As for Indian women, issuing and delivering in Nepal young Israelis, some of them, according to the Israeli intermediary, have already returned home. Together with other families while stay in Kathmandu destroyed, unable to leave. To the knowledge of the interlocutor to our editorial staff, none of these women suffered in the earthquake. However, it is hardly possible to claim that someone has full information about it.

Ukraine has increased the deadline for applications to adopt children

The Ministry of social policy of Ukraine has extended the deadlines for receiving applications for adoption of Ukrainian children by foreign citizens, by making changes in the appropriate Order and conditions of reception of citizens, informs “Interfax-Ukraine”.

“According to the order of the Ministry of social policy No. 751, dated 3 December 2012, from now on, the applicants, the Ministry will carry out in the period from the third Monday of January (before the first Monday of February) by 31 March, and from the second Monday of October to 10 December (before November 30)”, – stated in the message.

The rest of the time, according to “Interfax-Ukraine” remain unchanged.

“(Requests are accepted) from the second Monday of April to the 30th of June and from the second Monday of July to the 30th of September,” the Agency said.

Recall Ukraine Adoption following Russia may introduce a ban on adoptions of orphans by citizens of other countries. This will be possible, if “Freedom” will begin to implement the promised “Program of protection of Ukrainians”.

The meaning of consciousness

The event as a fact of life and a fact of consciousness
In an informal way event within the framework of being identified by the indication of the crossing of a border, a violation of some established patterns. That is not all of what happened-happened, but only what goes beyond the established “order of things” receives the event status.

You could try to give a formal definition of events, with Georg Henrik von Brighton concept of the situation and call the event a significant change in the situation (Wright, 1986). Immediately, however, the question arises, what should be the extent of changes to be considered “significant”. In addition, it is intuitively clear that the same incident may be an event in one respect and not in another event, there is a significant “point and direction reference”, not only the deviation (the event is rather a vector, not a scalar). It seems that there is no event at all, and there is an event for something or someone. Geological disasters (phenomena of inorganic nature) are important events for the life on the Earth (phenomena of organic matter), for it contributed to the emergence and development, as well as to communities, as were the aftershocks of bloom and death of civilizations.

Things happen in Genesis and same for Genesis. However, although events can occur (and often occur) independently of the mind, identification of an event as event and its interpretation (by introducing the corresponding context) is the prerogative of consciousness.
Routine of life is consciousness. Only changing the world becomes a fact of consciousness. The tendency to “make the equation” constants and retention of variables is, apparently, a fundamental property of a living consciousness. We tend “not to see” the faces of familiar people but only to notice and distinguish the expressions of these persons. Attach on in the institutions entrance signs asking them not to slam doors gives only temporary effect and then becomes something of a litmus test to distinguish permanent staff from the visitors (the first clap, the second not).

Practical reason do not tend to operate with constants. If the result of a fire at a gas station ended with the conclusion that the cause of fire were: the presence of a gas station, flammable substances and free access of oxygen, there would be doubts about the competence of the investigative bodies, though their conclusion would be theoretically perfect. Constants can be entered only in the mind specially. Takes a lot of effort of a psychoanalyst in order to raise awareness for the patient as the amount of stable and permanent of his inclinations. And this bring not only itself becomes event and through the event.

The range of existence and range of consciousness can each go their course, be kept separate and not korrespondiruet with each other. A passerby walks down the street, lost in her thoughts, without being distracted by what is happening around. You want something extraordinary, what would he pay himself for his thoughts. Genesis breaks into the consciousness of the event. The event is what attracted the attention, impressed, excited and even shocked. The event raise questions and focuses on his work of consciousness up until after conceptualization-description shall not receive the interpretation-evaluation.

The interpreted event is not retained in consciousness, slipping away from him, leaving behind memories. ( does this Mean that to capture the event and after the interpretation of the events of consciousness is besometimes? Apparently, it is not. Consciousness is not occupied by the actual event, going through (chews?) the events of the past or anticipating future events. That’s why consciousness is always excited (or concerned).